No. Although the ADEA prohibits employers from discriminating against older workers, it does not protect younger employees from so-called “reverse discrimination.” For example, a federal district court in Pennsylvania dismissed a widow’s claim that her husband’s employer discriminated against him based on his younger age and sent him to “the near certainty of death from methane gas” by having him clean a pit without adequate safety protection. The court explained that there is no right guaranteed by the federal Constitution or any statute that prevents a party from engaging in reverse age discrimination.
Keep in mind, however, that state laws may provide protections against any age-based employment decisions, including those made based on youth. Thus, state laws should be taken into account as well.
Source: Hogan v. The Borough of Sewickley (WDPa 2013) No. 12-1070.